The Evolution of Approaches to Education Throughout History
發佈日期：2019/07/19 20:31新創 職涯
A first great change, or even a first revolution, is found in Sumer, in Mesopotamia, in 2,000 BC. At that time the first concept of school appears, centred mainly in the teaching of the writing, and being differentiated by the fact of Going a step bEyond that to help to solve the needs of the day to day. The people who benefited from this new model were, however, only people of privileged class.
The concept of school as we understand it now, as an institution complementary to family teaching, has a prominent role already in ancient Greece. It is at that moment that the concept of a school linked to the religious institution, present since antiquity, breaks down To give way to a more global concept, and that it sought to cultivate the spirit.
18 th Century
The period started by Frederick William II in 1787 also deserves special mention, in promulgating a school code that removed the power of education from the clergy to grant it to the Ministry of Education. Thus, the State was responsible for schools with a coordinated system of This code emphasized that all children should go to primary school , with the aim of offering a basic education to all children, without aside a system of exclusion, for those students who had a bad behaviour. Since then, basic education is still Compulsory for all children, but even today it is a very distant reality. According to UNESCO figures, there are approximately 57 million children in the world who do not attend school, half of whom live in countries affected by conflicts.
Educational Models as a basis for improving the quality of Education
An educational model is an exemplary representation of the teaching-learning process, in which the distribution of functions and the sequence of operations is presented in the ideal form that results from the layers collected when performing a theory of learning. To say the variation of the Techniques and methods that teachers use, has achieved that there are different types of educational models that are determined depending on the need of the time and the students that integrate it, in the same way to know the educational models in depth. It allows the institutions And teachers to have a clear idea of how to carry out the assignment writing service Programs, study plans, as well as the components of these and the characteristics that will be necessary to contain for their application to have a good functioning to the requirements that the educational model requires. There are several types of educational models that have occurred throughout the History of the education system.
The model of education as a mould
In this type of model we find the traditional educational system, in which education is based on the child learning everything that the teacher believes is convenient for him, the child does not have the opportunity to comment or comment on any topic, the just listen and Learn what the teacher says.
The model of education as teaching
In this model we can emphasize that educators have the obligation to initiate students in the values, skills and knowledge that we have discovered as valuable.
The model of education as free development
The child has to go discovering the world for himself and elaborating his values aside, making their own decisions for themselves. To improve educational quality it is necessary that educational institutions, teachers and the entire education system, develop their plans and programs According to the most stable educational model for the students' needs, in this way they will be able to satisfy the deficiencies that the system has.
To improve the educational quality it is necessary that educational institutions, teachers and the entire educational system, develop their plans and programs to suit the most stable educational model for the need of students in this way can meet the gaps that the system requires. Points to improve the development of educational quality are:
- 1.Modify the study plans so that they adapt to the needs of daily life, and of the work environment. It is necessary to adjust the plans to what each institution or town requires, because it is not the same in the city as the children Of rural schools
- The way in which students are evaluated must be changed. That is to find strategies so that the way they evaluating the child, he can demonstrate and make known all his learning without stressing the student and intimidate him
- 3. Train teachers so that they can impart to their students these new curricula and the new teaching and evaluation methodologies. We need trained teachers who have the necessary knowledge to be in front of a group of classes, and know new methods and techniques for children To learn
- 4.It will be of little use to increase the salary of teachers, build schools of luxury, equip them with hundreds of computers, put tutors to the kids, join the teachers in the same school, if we do not use it and we do In other words, it is useless to have a large amount of new material if we do not use it for the benefit of children.